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Dogs in South America

The Most Common Types of Dogs in South America

Have you ever wondered what types of dogs are found in South America? Actually, there are several, but in this article we will discuss only four breeds: the Cimarron Uruguayo, the Peruvian Hairless Dog, the Fila Brasileiro, and Dogo Argentino.

Cimarron Uruguayo

This breed is from the molosser type, a class of robust built, big dog breed that came from a similar ancestor that originated in Uruguay. The term Cimarron in the language of Latin America means feral, referring to the history of this breed.

Historically, the ancestors of this breed came all the way from Europe, brought by European explorers. However, the dogs were eventually left and abandoned by their masters. The dogs eventually acclimatised themselves to the new environment and became many. That’s how this breed survived up to this day.

Peruvian Hairless Dog

As the name implies, this breed is from the country of Peru. This is just one of the many types of hairless dog breeds. However, it is not very popular outside of Peru.

The origin of this breed dates back to ancient times, to the Inca civilization. The dogs are depicted as pets of the people at that time, as seen in ceramic figure remains from that period.

When the Spanish came, however, the Spaniards almost caused the extinction of this breed. Nevertheless, the local people took care of them; this is because the people of Peru considered them holy.

Fila Brasileiro

This is a big breed of working dog that was developed in the country of Brazil. It is known to be an aggressive dog. Due to its size and aggression, many countries have banned this breed. This may have been done to avoid potential danger for children.

However, many people use Fila Brasileiro as guard and shepherding dogs. When these dogs find their quarry in hunting, they wait until their masters arrive before they attack the prey. They were even used to retrieve escapees when slavery was still legal in Brazil.

It is believed that Fila Brasileiro came from different breeds: the Bulldog, Bloodhound, and the Mastiff. They were raised on big plantations, and were trained to hunt down jaguars, cattle, other animals, and even slaves who attempted to escape.

Dogo Argentino

This Argentinian big-game hunting dog is white-coloured, large, and muscular. It was breed mainly for hunting; it can even hunt wild boars. Its breeder, Antonio Nores Martinez, a medical doctor, and professor, wanted a breed that is brave and willing to protect its human companion even in the face of death.

1928 was the year it was bred from the line of Cordoba Fighting Dog with many other breeds, including the Great Dane. Dr. Martinez chose the Cordoba Fighting Dog as its base breed and crossed it with Pointer, Great Pyrenees, Old English Bulldog, and Bull Terrier just to name a few.

Mike Basi